Topical Index

  1. Arab West Report (AWR) / Dialogue Across Borders (DAB)
  2. Religious freedom and freedom of expression
    1. Coptic Art used in drawing Egyptian football players
    2. Graffiti art as means of political and social expression
    3. Religious freedom as a form of expression in the Arab World
      1. Copts reverting back to Christianity (Former Muslim convertees)
      2. ʿAbd al-Fattāḥ Al-Sīsī And The Freedom Of Worship‎ speech during World Youth Forum, 2018
      3. Apostasy in Islam
      4. Conversions to Islam
      5. Christians proselytizing or carrying out missionary activities
      6. Muslims proselytizing or carring out missionary activities
      7. Accusations of heresies in Islam
      8. Accusations of heresies in Islam mentioning people
      9. People or groups accused of violating social or religious norms in Islam
        1. Mominoun [Muʾminūn]Without Borders Foundation for Research and Studies
        2. Khalīl Abd al-Karīm (The formation period in the life of Muhammad)
        3. Alī Abd al-Rāziq (Islam and the origins of government, 1924)
        4. Muhammad Abd al-Wahhāb (Min-ghayr layh/No whys)
        5. Naṣr Ḥāmid Abū Zayd (Dr.)
        6. Laylā Aḥmad (Women and Sexism in Islam)
        7. Azīm Mannāf (co-author: Islam and the 15th hijrī century)
        8. Jamāl al-Bannā (Islam and freedom of thought)
        9. al-Ghad newspaper (attacking prophet's companions) (2006)
        10. Jamāl al-Ghaytānī (Full veiling)
        11. Al-Mahaddawī (Libyan judge)
        12. Ali al-Majarī (yemeni poet)
        13. Shaykh Abd al-Mutʿāl al-Saīdī (religious freedom in Islam)
        14. Ahmad al-Shahāwī (Wasīyah fi Ishq al-Nisā)
        15. Louis Awwad (An introduction to the grammar of the arabic language)
        16. Dr. Hasan al-turabi
        17. Usāmah Anwar Ukashah
        18. Ahmad Baghdādī
        19. Bahrām Bidā'ī (Iran)
        20. Thekra Mohammad Abdullah Al-dali
        21. Khālid Dūrān (The seed of Abraham)
        22. Dr. Muhammad Fattūh (2007)
        23. Faraj Fūdah (1946-1992)
        24. Arrest of groups violating Sharīah
        25. Alā' Hāmid (a room in a man's mind)
        26. Hasan Hanafī (co-author: Islam and the 15th hijrī century)
        27. Haydar Haydar (Banquet of the seaweed)
        28. Ahmad Abd al-Mutī Hijāzī
        29. Tāhā Husayn (The Jahili Poetry 1926)
        30. Fārūq Husnī (Culture Minister)
        31. Dr. Muhammad Imārah, (co-author: Islam and the 15th hijrī century)
        32. Ibrāhīm ʿĪsā (al-Urah/The Naked)
        33. Jibrān Khlīl Jibrān (al-Nabi/The prophet)
        34. Najwa Karam (lebanese singer)
        35. Dr. Muhammad Ahmad Khalāf Allah (Stories in the Qur'ān)
        36. Khalīd Muhammad Khalīd (From here we begin)
        37. Marcel Khalīfah
        38. Rashad Khalīfah (claimed to be a prophet)
        39. Dr. Ali Mabrūk (2006 research)
        40. Najīb Maḥfūẓ (Awlad Haritna/ The children of our alley, 1959)
        41. Mustafā Mahmūd (The modern explantation of the Holy Qur'ān)
        42. al-Shaykh Manāl
        43. Dr. Ahmad Subhī Mansūr (The prophets in the Holy Qur'ān)
        44. Mikki, A. A woman's memoirs in Saudi prisons
        45. Salāh al-dīn Muhsin (accused of disclaiming religions in 2000)
        46. ʿAbd al-Rahmān Munif (Mudun al-Milh/Cities of salt)
        47. Ibrāhīm Nasr Allah (poet)
        48. Taslīmah Nasrin (Split in two)
        49. Nizār Qabbānī
        50. Hasan Qatāmish (The flight with Satan and a stick)
        51. Sayyid Qutb (islamist, author)
        52. Hans-Peter Raddatz
        53. Fathī Radwān (co-author: Islam and the 15th hijrī century)
        54. Nawal Sadāwī
        55. Yūsuf Shāhīn (Film-The immigrant)
        56. Sharur, Muhammad (author)
        57. Muhammad Shukrī (Al-khubz alhāī/ For bread alone)
        58. Tharwat Ukasha (1921-2012)
        59. ʿĪd Wardānī (The genesis story)
        60. Mirvat Tillawī
        61. Azhar thesis deeming Rose al-yūsuf
      10. Accusations of heresies in Christianity
      11. Press freedom-SEE media/freedom
      12. The critique of the religious beliefs of non-mainstream religious groups
      13. Calls for government intervention to stop the activities of specific non-mainstream groups
      14. Western intervention into religious freedom or freedom of expression
      15. Censorship-legal structure, social background and practice
      16. Authors that have been criticized for violating religious or social norms
    4. Evaluation of Western reports on religious freedom or freedom of expression
    5. General discussions on US Freedom from Religious Persecution Act
    6. General discussions about freedom of expression
    7. General discussions about freedom of religion or freedom of belief
    8. Democratization and reporting on human rights issues
  3. Relations between the Arab and Islamic world and the non-Arab and non-Islamic world
    1. Chinese Ministry of of the State Administration for Religious Affairs (SARA)
    2. The image of Arabs and Islam in the Western media
    3. Controversial issues that create discussion about Arab-West relations
    4. General issues in Arab-West relations
    5. Critique or praise of Western Orientalists
    6. Westeners living in Arab countries
    7. Greater understanding in Arab-West Relations
    8. US military actions affecting Arab-West relations
    9. Western scholars involved in Arab-West or Muslim-Christian understanding
    10. Books related to Arab-West relations
    11. Arab/Muslim influence in non-Muslim countries
    12. Arab influences in the Western world
    13. Organizations working on Arab-West relations
    14. Immigrant Communities in the Arab World
  4. Developments in Islam in the Arab/Islamic World
    1. Islamic Fundamentalism
    2. Islamic thinkers and scholars who participate in discussions about Islam
    3. Leaders or people believed to be linked to leadership
    4. Muslim-Jewish Relations
    5. new strategies of al-Qāʿidah
    6. New strategies of the IS
    7. Shīʿa ‎and Sunni sectarian strife
    8. General Islamic Issues and Developments
      1. a uniformed Ādhān‎ (call to prayer) in Egypt
      2. al-Azhar response to harassement of women
      3. Anṣār al-Islām (terror group in the Egyptian Western Desert)
      4. efforts to promote unity between the sufi orders Burhāniyya‎ (Sudan) and Rifāʿiyya‎ (Egypt)
      5. Fatwās
        1. Al-Azhar Islamic Research Academy (AIRA) Q&A on fatwas
        2. Buying lanterns and chanting on Ramadan
        3. Fatwa kiosks at Egypt's Metro stations
        4. Men and women praying side by side in squares
        5. The depiction of prophets in screenplays
        6. General rules for making fatwás
        7. Scholars and organizations issuing fatwás
        8. Fatwās mentioned in the Arab media
          1. Breastfeeding men
          2. Comics
          3. Drinking the Prophet's Urine
          4. Prayer in the workplace
          5. Reviving the “toil and pursuit” fatwa
          6. When someone can be called a martyr
          7. America Muslims in the US military
          8. Fixing antennas onto mosque minarets
          9. Artificial impregnation
          10. Bank interest
          11. Boycotting foreign goods
          12. Bribery
          13. Celebrating Shamm al-nasīm
          14. Charging to enter houses of worship
          15. Competitions that use special rate phone numbers
          16. Constructing mosques between buildings
          17. Cooperation between the US and an Islamic country to attack a Muslim state
          18. Declaring Bahā'īs and Bābis Kāfir
          19. Beauty contests (harām)
          20. Defending a person accused of spying
          21. Killing Israelis / Destroying Israel
          22. Disputing the validity of certain Islamic sects
          23. Fatwas on euthanasia
          24. Men and women shaking hands
          25. Fatwas on Islam and art
          26. Life Insurance and Islamic life insurance
          27. Killing terrorists
          28. Fatwas on male and female circumcision
          29. Marriage in Islam (different forms)
          30. Marriage to Israeli women (harām)
          31. Martyrdom attacks or operations
          32. Martyrdom: what makes a person a martyr
          33. Miss Egypt elections
          34. Poor Muslim women dating wealthy men to support their families
          35. Muslim-Christian relations
          36. Naming businesses after the 99 names of God
          37. Non-Muslim mothers getting custody of their Muslim children
          38. Normalization with Israel
          39. Playing football
          40. Women being pregnant after their husbands have died
          41. Qur'anic verses as mobile phone ring tones
          42. Fasting during Ramadān
          43. Using religious logos in elections
          44. Selling alcohol to non-Muslims in the West
          45. Smoking
          46. Support for the Egyptian president in the 2005 elections
          47. Relationship between Shī'ah and the Sunnah
          48. Using DNA to find out child's paternity
          49. Women leading men in prayers
          50. Women in public posts or parliament
          51. Fatwas on Women travelling abroad without husband's permission
      6. Hadīth
      7. Halāl and Harām
      8. Islam and secularism
      9. Islam in society
        1. Societal and ethical issues
        2. Popular beliefs
        3. Preaching in Islam
      10. Islamic economy
      11. Islamic institutions
        1. The Fatwā Committee
        2. The Organization of Islamic Cooperation
        3. The Azhar
          1. The Grand Imam of the Azhar
          2. The Higher Council for the Azhar
          3. Islamic Research Academy
          4. The Azhar University
          5. Azhar institutes
          6. The Fiqh/Jurisprudence Research Committee
          7. Council of Scientific Research
          8. The Punishment Council of the Azhar
          9. Acceptance of non-Muslim students at the Azhar University
          10. The role of Saudi Arabia in religious institutions
          11. The Azhar (its history and role in the world)
        4. The Ministry of Endowments and Islamic Affairs
        5. The Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs
        6. Dar al-Ifta / The House of Fatwa
        7. Muslim Youth Association (Egypt)
        8. Al-Jamʿīah al-Sharīyah
        9. Ansār al-Sunnah al-Muhammadīyah group
      12. Islamic responses to family planning
      13. Islamic responses to natural disasters and other phenomena
      14. Islamic Sharīʿah
      15. Islamic thinkers
      16. Islamist militant cell in Egypt (Junūd al-Khilāfah)
      17. Islamist militant group in Egypt (Anṣar Bayt Al-Maqdis) ‎
      18. Islamist Militant Group, Al-Hasm Movement
      19. Jurisprudence/ Fiqh and discussions about it
      20. Muwaḥidūn
      21. preparation of Ministry of Endowments for Ramadan
      22. Shīʿah
      23. The Hājj
      24. Uighurs students deportation from Egypt
      25. Zakāh (alms)
      26. [November 2017] attack on the Sufi al-Rawḍa mosque in Bi’r al-`Abd‎
      27. The Quran
      28. Traditions/Schools of Islam
      29. Islam in society
      30. Conversion From Islam
    9. Political Islam
      1. Political parties based on religion, Egypt
      2. Political Islam/Islamism
      3. Islamist Organizations in the Middle East
        1. al-Daʿwah al-Salafiyya
        2. al-Ṣaʿadūn Bil-Ḥaq
        3. Attempted terrorist attack in Sinai (Sep 2006)
        4. Charity and Justice (Morocco)
        5. El Wa'ad (2001)
        6. Nagūn min al-Nar
        7. Taliban
        8. The Houthi movement [al-Ḥūthiyyūn]
        9. The Islamic World League
        10. The World Union of Muslim Scholars (Ireland)
        11. The Azhar Scholars Front (1946-2001)
        12. Muslim Brotherhood
          1. Communication between the Muslim Brotherhood and Copts
          2. Other prominent members
          3. General articles about the Muslim Brotherhood
          4. Guidance office
          5. General guides
          6. Prominent members or people believed to be close to the Muslim Brotherhood
          7. Policy and structure of the Muslim Brotherhood
          8. Arrest and release of members
          9. Muslim Brotherhood organizations
          10. Books about the Muslim Brotherhood
          11. Interviews with Muslim Brotherhood Members
        13. Al-Jamāʿah al-Islāmīyah
        14. Jihād [Organization]
        15. Al-Qāʿidah
        16. Hizb Allāh [Hezbollah]
        17. Hamas (Ḥamās)
        18. Tanweer Islamic Center
        19. ʿAbd Allāh Azzām brigades
        20. Al-Tablīgh wa-al-Dawah (Egypt)
        21. Al-Tā'ifah al-Mansūrah/ The Victorious Sect (Egypt)
        22. Al-Tawhīd wa-al-Jihād
        23. al-Waʿd (Egypt)
        24. Ansār al-Sunnah
        25. Armed Islamic Group (GIA)
        26. Al-ʿAdl wa al-Ihsān [Charity and Justice]
        27. Hizb al-Nahdah/ The party of rebirth
        28. Hizb al-Taḥrīr
        29. Islamic Action Front (IAF)
        30. Aden Abyan Islamic Army
        31. Islamic Salvation Front (FIS)
        32. Islamist Lawyer's Front Association (1986)
        33. Jund Allāh
        34. Islamic National Front
        35. The Returnees from Albania
        36. Takfīr wa-al-Hijrah [Jamaʿat al-Muslimin]
        37. Talāʿ al-Fath al-Islāmī
        38. Nugūm min Nār
        39. Al-Faramāwī group
        40. ISIS / ISIL / IS / Daesh / Islamic State
        41. Salafiyyah Jihādiyyah (Salafi Jihadi) (Egypt)
      4. Terrorist attacks carried out by groups
      5. Arab Islamists in the West
      6. Islamist Political Parties
      7. Influence of Islamists in society
      8. Calls to use violence
      9. Discussions about extremism and terrorism and Islam
      10. Discussion about negotiations with terrorists and Islamic movements
      11. Kidnapping and killing for political financial purposes
      12. Discussions of martyrdom attacks or operations
      13. Islamism at universities and other educational institutions
      14. Links between Egyptian/Arab Islamists with Afghanistan
      15. Discussions about demonstrations
      16. Extradition of Islamists to Egypt
    10. Traditions and Feasts
    11. Reform in Islamic thinking
    12. Arab Media Reporting on Islam in the West
    13. International Islamic Organizations
    14. Book reviews on Islamic themes
  5. Developments in Muslim-Christian Relations in the Arab/Islamic World
    1. December 2016: Self-suicide bombing in the Coptic Orthodox Petrine Church at `Abassiyya, Cairo
    2. Issues related to Muslim-Christian relations
      1. Christian fears of an Islamist rule
      2. Christian holidays becoming national holidays in Egypt
      3. Clashes between Muslims and Christians in Al-ʿĀmeriyya, Alexandria
      4. Common traditions and customs
      5. Discussions about Christian persecution in Iraq
      6. Discussions about citizen equality between Muslims and Christians
      7. Discussions about mentioning religion on identity card
      8. Efforts at Muslim-Christian harmony and cooperation
      9. Forced Displacement
      10. National Unity manifested in the January 25 Revolution
      11. promote domestic tours to Christian and Islamic monuments
      12. Joint statements from Muslims and Christians on issues of mutual concern
      13. Formal Muslim-Christian dialogue meetings
      14. Reciprocity of congratulatory sentiments
      15. National unity between Muslims and Christians
      16. Discussions about the word kāfir for non-Muslims
      17. Discussions about the term 'minority'
      18. Discussions about sectarian strife
      19. Discussions about dhimmi status and jizyah
      20. Discussions about alcohol, smoking, gambling
      21. Discussions about enlightenment, knowledge
      22. Discussions about Christmas, Easter and Coptic New Year
      23. Authors comparing issues in Islam and Christianity
      24. Muslims and Christians helping to build mosques and churches
      25. Discussions about categories of Christians
      26. The isolation of the Christian youth
      27. Critique on the public appearance of religion in society
      28. Fatwās about Muslim-Christian relations
    3. Muslim and Christian views of each other in the Arab World
    4. Muslim-Christian relations between official institutions
    5. Discussions about discrimination between Muslims and Christians
    6. Issues discussed that affect Muslim-Christian Relations
    7. Muslim-Christian marriages
    8. Discussions about freedom of religion
    9. Numbers about church growth
    10. The Bible and The Qur'ān
    11. Muslim-Christian incidents
      1. (2014) - burning of "Kafr Ḥakīm Church”
      2. 1997-Burning Abū Sayfīn Church in Fayyūm
      3. 2006-Conversion of Coptic boy to Islam, Asyut
      4. 2007-A Muslim killed his Christian neighbour in Zaqāzīq
      5. 2008- Arab attack on Daīr Abū Fānā cloister
      6. 2009-Sectarian clashes in Dayrūṭ
      7. 2010-Najʿ Ḥammādī Massacre
      8. 2017-attack on al-Amīr Tadrus Church‎ in Aṭfīḥ
      9. 2017-Coptic Displacement from Al-Arish
      10. 2017-Coptic Pilgrims killed in Bus heading to St. Samuel the Confessor Monastery in Minya Governorate
      11. 2017-Mār Mīnā Church Attack
      12. 2017-Sectarian Strife in Najʿa al- Mahīdāt, Luxor
      13. 2017-The IS terror attacks on two churches on Palm Sunday (Ṭanṭā and Alexandria)
      14. 2017-The Murder of Fr. Samʿān Shiḥāta
      15. Armint al-Hayt, Qena
      16. Christian man runs away with a Muslim woman in Ṭāmiyya, Fayyūm
      17. February 2015 - kidnapping and beheading of 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians in Libya by Dāʿish
      18. Reports about sectarian strife or fear of sectarian strife
      19. September 2018- sectarian attacks in Dimshāw Hāshim in Dimshāw Hāshim, al-Minyā Governorate ‎
      20. The village of 'Azbah Hanna Ayoub (Ḥanna Ayūb) in al-Minia
      21. 2000-Conversion of Coptic Girl to Islam, Allegedly Killed by Her Brother (Banī Suwayf, Egypt)
      22. Egyptian media reporting about sectarian strife (no specific incidents)
      23. 1972-al-Khānka Incidents
      24. 2017-The terrorist attack on the Mār Jirjis Church on Palm Sunday in Ṭanṭā
      25. 1980-1981-al-Zāwiyya al-Ḥamrāʾ Incidents
      26. 2011- Mar Girgis Church Burning in al-Marinab Village
      27. 1982-Assassination of Ibrāhīm Shafīq
      28. 1993- Christian deaths in Dayrūṭ
      29. 1995-Destroying Ḥanān Family Home (Naḥās, Zaqāziq)
      30. Al-Muharraq monastery
      31. 1995-1996-Demanding Protection Money from Christians
      32. 1996-Murder of Christian Family in al-Wāsṭa
      33. 1996-Mob Violence in Kafr Dimyān
      34. 1996-Terrorist Attack in ʿIzbat al-Aqbāt
      35. 1997-Claims about House Being used as Church (Abū Tīj, Egypt)
      36. Terrorist attacks on Christians in Abū Qurqas
      37. 1997-Stabbing of Father Isṭīfānūs Ṣubḥī
      38. 1997-Attempt to Burn a House Belonging to a Monk (ʿIzbat Jirjis, Munūfiyya, Egypt)
      39. 1998-Alleged Arson of Christian-Owned Factories
      40. 1999- Land Dispute (Abū Tīj, Asyūṭ, Egypt)
      41. 1998-2000-al-Kushḥ Incidents
      42. 1999-Appropriation of Land from Upper Egyptian Christian Farmer
      43. 1999-Bishop Makāriyyūs of Sinai's Car Accident
      44. 1999-Attack on Father Bisāda Iskārūs (Dayrūṭ, Egypt)
      45. 1999-Bus Accident During Christian Pilgrimage (Banī Suwayf, Egypt)
      46. 2000-Sudanese-Egyptian clashes in ʿAbbāsīyya (Cairo, Egypt)
      47. 2000-Land Dispute Resulting in the Death of a Muslim
      48. 2001-Demise of the Holy Tree in Jabal al-Ṭayr
      49. 2001-Death of Father Anṭūniyyūs Zakī Ghubriyyāl (Samallūṭ, Egypt)
      50. 2000-Fāyza and the Custody of Her Two Children (Banī Suwayf, Egypt)
      51. 2001-ʿĀdil Kārrās (Egyptian Copt killed in L.A.)
      52. 2001-Attack Against a Catholic Church in Pakistan
      53. 2001-Knife Attack on Father Ḥazqiyyāl Ghubriyyāl (Balyanā, Suhāj)
      54. 2002-Accidental Death of Church Night Watchman (Minyā, Egypt)
      55. 2003-ʿAyyāṭ/Jizīra Problems with Church Building
      56. 2004-Death of a Priest and Parishoners in Ṭaḥā al-ʿUmda
      57. 2004-al-Manqaṭīn Incident (Suhāj, Egypt)
      58. 2004-Death of Sanāʾ Muṣʿad and Her Daughter (Converts to Islam)
      59. 2005-Damshāw, Minyā
      60. 2005- Muḥarram Bik [Muharram Bek] Incidents (Alexandria, Egypt)
      61. 2005-Stabbing of Christian Woman at Minya University
      62. 2005-Church Burning in Punjab (Pakistan)
      63. 2005-Murder of Coptic family in New Jersey (U.S.A.)
      64. 2005-Death of Two Children in the Evangelical Hospital (Azbakiyya, Egypt)
      65. 2005-Attempts to Build a Mosque in Front of Anbā Bishūy Monastery
      66. 2005-Father Bīmin Wilyam Tawfīq (Claims of Death)
      67. 2005-Death of Aḥmad Abū Ṭālib in Kafr Salāma (al-Sharqiyya, Egypt)
      68. 2005-Government Refuses to Hand Over 3 Christians that Converted to Islam
      69. 2005-Muslim Police Captain Married Coptic Girl and Asked to Divorce Wife
      70. 2005-6 Converts to Islam who Returned to Christianity
      71. 2005-Conversion of ʿImād ʿĪssā Jirjis to Islam
      72. 1999-Attack against Greek Orthodox Church in Northern Lebanon
      73. 2006-Sale of piece of land owned by a Muslim to Christian, Kafr Dimyān
      74. Mosque building on Christian land, Wajdī Alfi Bisādah, Asyut
      75. 2006-Iron Cross built on top of church, Asyut
      76. 2006-Sexual Harrasment of Christian Girl (al-Nuzha, Cairo, Egypt)
      77. 2006-Disappearance of two Coptic girls in Naj Hammādī, Qena
      78. 2006-Attacks on Christian Houses (Fāw Village, Qina, Egypt)
      79. 2006-Muslim Attacks Two Churches in Alexandria
      80. 2006-Christian Accused of Stealing from Muslim Boy (Asyūṭ, Egypt)
      81. 2006-rumors about Hibah and Mājid in Qalyūbīyah
      82. 2006-Attempt to Break into a Church (Qina, Egypt)
      83. 2006-Displacement of 100 Copts from their homes, Hijāzah, Qena
      84. 2008 May 31 - Abū Fānā incident
      85. 2006-Confiscation of flat owned by Copts in Hamām, Assiut
      86. 2006-Murder of two Christians in Bahalil, Sohag
      87. 2006- Murder of Christians (Safṭ al-Laban, Minya, Egypt)
      88. 2006-Murder of 16 Year-Old Catholic Girl (Minyā, Egypt)
      89. 2006-Clashes around Coptic monastery, Dayr Abyād, Sohag
      90. 2006-Riots after man tried to make Fatima convert, al-Marj, Cairo
      91. 2006-Muslim Man Who Converted to Christianity (Asyūṭ, Egypt)
      92. 2006-Claims That a 16 Year-Old Christian Raped an 8 Year-Old Boy (Cairo)
      93. 2006-Muslim Women Harassed by 3 Christians (al-Azbakiyya, Cairo, Egypt)
      94. 2006-Conversion of 28 year old man in Nasr city, Cairo
      95. 2007- Anger about Muhammad Imārah's book
      96. 2007-Christians prevented from having shares in Faysal Islamic Bank
      97. 2007-A fire on the roof of Mar Girgis Church in Sīdī Bishr, Alexandria
      98. 2007-Muslim man kills neighbor in al-Zaqāzīq, al-Sharqīyah
      99. March 2011 - Sectarian clashes in Qena Governorate
      100. January,1 2011 - Alexandria Church Bombing
      101. March 2011 - Church burning in Sol, Atfih
      102. 2011 - Mar Girgis Church burning in Imbaba / Cairo
      103. October 9/10 2011 - Maspero Massacre
      104. April 2013 - Khusus and Abassiya
      105. 2013 - Attacks on churches following the ouster of Muhammad Mursi
      106. Conversion of ʾĪbrāhīm ʿAlī Sharaf al-Dīn and his family to Christianity
    12. Disputed kidnappings and forced conversions
      1. 2006-Ivatouma Fahmī
      2. 2007-Injī ʿĀṭif
      3. 2010-Disappearance of Kāmīliyyā Shiḥata Zākhir [Kamilia Shehata Zakher]
      4. The Alleged Kidnapping of Ḥanan Ṣabr Fakhrī (1996)
      5. Wafā’ Abd al-Masīh (November 2005)
      6. AWR reports about claims of kidnapping and forced conversions
      7. Articles on alleged kidnappings in the Arab media
      8. The alleged kidnapping of Salwā Unsī (1995)
      9. 1995-Alleged Kidnapping of Ṣabūra Khilla (Dayrūt, Asyūṭ, Egypt)
      10. 1996-George ʿĀdlī
      11. The alleged kidnapping of Irene Sādiq, Cairo (1996)
      12. Sanā’ Lahzī, alleged kidnapping, Minya (1996)
      13. 1996-Isis Nawār
      14. The alleged kidnapping of Ulfat Hilmī Rizq (1997)
      15. 2000-Maryān Rafat Najīb
      16. The alleged kidnapping of four girls from Mallawi (2001)
      17. 2001-Ḥanān Nās ʿAzīz
      18. 2003-Injī Nājī Idwārd
      19. 2003-Anwar Ṣidqī Rātib (Dayrūṭ)
      20. Nivīn Malāk Samālūt (2003)
      21. 2003-Nirmīn Samʿān Ṣādiq
      22. 2003-Christine & Marian Nādir Kamāl (Bilqās, Daqahliyya, Egypt)
      23. 2004- Hāydī Ḥakīm Manqariyyūs Ṣalīb
      24. 2004-Wafāʾ Qusṭanṭīn
      25. 2004-Asyūṭ NDP Official Accused of Forcing Christians to Convert
      26. 2004-Nādiyya Ṣamūʾīl ʿAṭiyya
      27. 2004-Marwā Nassīm Faraj
      28. 2005-Eva Thomas Faḥmī Asad
      29. 2005-Hiba Samīr Wahbah
      30. 2005-Injī Hilmī George Labīb
      31. Samya Zarīf Samān (February 2005)
      32. 2005-Injī ʿĀdil Wāsīlī
      33. Nivīn Marqus, Alexandria (Rep 2005)
      34. Nivīn Khalīl Salīb (February 2005)
      35. Two girls in Fayyūm city (2005)
      36. Yasmīn (15 year old Muslim girl) Sawāmah Sohag (2005)
      37. Sihām 18 year old Christian girl from Ayn Hilwān (January 2005)
      38. Nivīn Māhir (19 years) (2005)
      39. Wafā’ Rifat Adlī (Hilwān, 2005)
      40. Samī Zākī Awwad, (Abū Rāmī) Sharqīya, 2005
      41. Nivīn Ayyād Mikhael, Zaqāzīq (2005)
      42. 2005-Nancy ʿĀdil Zīdān
      43. 2005-ʿĀyida L. Fahīm
      44. 2005-Dīnā Sāmī Yūsuf
      45. Rānyā Fāyiz Butrus (November 2005)
      46. 2005-Maryan Ghaṭṭās
      47. 2006-Alleged Kidnapping of Kristin Ghaṭṭās (Minyā, Egypt)
      48. 2006-Ivon Yuwāqīm Wahbah Mīkhā’īl
      49. 2006-Muslims Demonstrate Against Kidnapping of Girl (Cairo, Egypt)
      50. Theresa Ghattās Kāmil Girgis, Wādī Natrūn (2006)
      51. 2006- Susan Ṣabāḥ Jād Allāh (Dayr Mawās, Minyā, Egypt)
      52. 2006-Heidi Samīr Hākim
      53. 2006-Naʿīma (Coptic Housewife)
      54. 2006-Marianne Ra’fat
      55. Sārah Subhī – 20 years old (2006)
      56. 2006-Mary Thābit Hanā
      57. 2006-Dimyānh Girgis
      58. 2006-Christine Muntaṣir Ṣubhī, Kirdasah, Giza
      59. Suhā Ḥ;usayn Ṣ;ādiq – 25 years old (August 2006)
      60. 2006-Dimyāna Makram Ḥannā
      61. 2006-Lawrence Wajīh Emile
      62. 2006-ʿĀyida Fāyyiz [Ayidah Fayiz] (Minyā, Egypt)
      63. 2006-Mary Sad Maḥ;fūẓ
      64. 2006-Nirmīn ʿAyyād
      65. Romani Tadros (Rumanī Tadrus) (Naj Ḥ;ammādī 2006)
      66. 2006-Mirnā Thābit Fahīm
      67. 2006-Dīnā Amīn Ayyād
      68. 2006-Jīhān Wanīs Qīlādah
      69. Theresa Edward Kamāl-15 years old (Rep 2006)
      70. 2006-Amānī Māhir Qilāda
      71. 2006-Heidi Nabīl Zakarīyah
      72. 2006-Muná Yaqūb Qiriaqus
      73. Rihab (Reported 2006 ,week 48)
      74. 2006-Fatin
      75. 2006-Nūr Jābir Ayyād
      76. 2006-Mary Saʿīd
      77. 2006-Christine Mishīl Iskandar
      78. 2006-Bishop Kīrillus of Najʿ Ḥammādī's Document on Misuse of Finances
      79. 2006-Imād Jād Ghubriyal
      80. Samū’īl Māhir, village, Minia (Jan - 2007)
      81. 2007-Yūsuf Muhammad Abū al-Futūḥ, Naj Ḥammadi, Sohag
      82. 2007-Coptic woman accuses lawyer of forcing her to convert
    13. Christian demonstrations
    14. Repairing, Expanding, and Building Houses of Worship
      1. Restoration of the Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Cairo (2015-2018)
      2. Repairing, expanding, and building churches
        1. Restoration Of The Evangelical Church Of Banī Mazār (2013-2017)
        2. Rumors about an authorized Chruch in al-Marj, Cairo
        3. The Nativity Church in Egypt's New Adminstrative Capital (2018)
        4. Laws and regulations for church building
        5. Facts and figures on church building
        6. Church building in practice and incidents
          1. 2010--ʿUmrāniyya, Giza riots
          2. 2018 al-Bassātīn Church Inauguration
          3. Annex of the Holy Virgin Church of Dakhaliyya (2015)
          4. Attack on the church al-Amir Tadrus in Aṭfīḥ, Giza‎-2017
          5. Church of St. Mary, Luxor (2010)
          6. closing the church of Saqaltah, Suhāj Governorate
          7. Coptic Orthodox Petrine Church bombing in Cairo (December 2016).
          8. Ṣūl village church restoration (2011)
          9. 2011 Mar Girgis Church Burning in Al-Marinab
          10. Coptic Orthodox church, Kafr Darwīsh, al-Fashn, Beni Suef
          11. The Virgin Mary and Martyr Abanoub church, Jabal al-Asfar, Shibīn al-Kom, Qalyūbīyah
          12. Closing the church in Ibrahim Pasha village, Samallūt, Minya
          13. Saint Abram church, Dijlah village, Dayr Mawās, Minya
          14. Church of Anba Barsum al-Aryan, Izbat Abu Aziz village, Sohaq (1992)
          15. Mar Girgis Church, Sohag, Egypt
          16. Patmos, Greater Cairo
          17. Hanging Church (1996 - 2001)
          18. Assemblies of God in al-Marg, Cairo (1997)
          19. Restauration of the Church Arch Angel Michael in Bani Majd, Assiut (1997)
          20. Closing of al-Amir Tadrus in Bani Shukair village, Manfallut (1997)
          21. Restoration of the Church Virgin Mary, Fayyum (1999)
          22. Rebuilding the Coptic Catholic Church in Hijazah village (Qena, 1999)
          23. Repairing of the Church of St. Mary in Abu al-Hadar, Dayrut, Assiut (1997)
          24. Restoration of St. Mary Monastery in Asyut Montain (1999)
          25. Restoration of Holy Virgin Church in Dirwah (1999)
          26. New Church in Hilwan, Egypt (2000)
          27. New church in Marina, Alexandria (2000)
          28. closing a church in Sharm al-Shaykh (2000)
          29. Dafash, Qusiyah, Assiut (2000)
          30. Evangelical Church of Abu Hammad al-Sharqiyah (Restoration stopped 2000)
          31. Disputes between Muslims and Christians over the church in Izbat al-Kharwa Khurshid, Alexandria (2000)
          32. Restoration of church in al-Max, Alexandria (2000)
          33. New Church in Muqattam, Cairo (2001)
          34. New church in Bulaq Abu al-llah (2001)
          35. New church in Tur, South of Sinai (2001)
          36. Evangelical church in Minya, Faith Church (2001)
          37. Shubrah al-Khaima, Cairo (2001)
          38. Ubur, Greater Cairo (December 2001)
          39. St. John the Babtist at Awlad Isa, Sadafah, Assiut (Restoration stopped 2001)
          40. Bani Walmis, Magharah, Upper Egypt (2002)
          41. New Church in Emirates (2002)
          42. Al-Munirah Qanatir, Qalubiyah (2002)
          43. Examples of Church Building in Bosnia in the Arab Media (2002)
          44. ʿIzbat Rafiʿ near Qusiyah (2002)
          45. ʾAbu Georg, Assiut (2003)
          46. Wall surrounding St. Anthony's Monastery (2003)
          47. Al-Munsha'ah al-Kubra, al-Qusiyah (2003-2004)
          48. Taha al-Amidah, Samallut, Upper Egypt (2004)
          49. Damshaw Hashim, Minya (January 2005)
          50. Manqattin, Samallut, Upper Egypt (2004)
          51. land around the Monastery of Masarah, Hilwan (2005)
          52. Mar Marqus Church, Assiut (2005)
          53. Two new churches in Kharga (2005)
          54. New Church of St. Marina in Alamayn, Alexandria (2005)
          55. Church Builing in Burj al-Arab (2005)
          56. Guest House as Church has been burned (Tilwanah, Bajur, Munufiyah, 2005)
          57. Attack in the New Church in in Udaysat, Luxor (2006)
          58. Church Building in Ayyat, Giza (February 2006)
          59. Rumors about a new Church in al-Sabin Village, Kom Ombo, Aswan (2006)
          60. New Coptic Church in Rihab City, Cairo (2006)
          61. Rumors about an Unauthorized Church in al-Marj, Cairo (2006)
          62. New Church in Mexico (January 2007)
          63. Restoration of the Church of Mother Dulaji in Isna
          64. Church building in Birtibat Village, Minya
          65. Drunkah (Monastery)
          66. The Red Monastery, Sohag
          67. Attacking a Priest in Wasif Village in Ayyat, Giza
          68. The Holy Virgin Church, Shaykh Youssef Village, Assiut (built since 1950)
          69. The Holy Virgin Church, Naj Ruzayq Village, Maraghah, Sohag
          70. A wall near the Monastery of Bishuy in Wadi al-Natrun
      3. Repairing, expanding and building mosques
    15. Reporting discrimination
    16. Issues that involved or could have involved Muslim-Christian relations
    17. Relations with Churches in Asia
    18. Articles highlighting Identity/Religious Symbols
    19. Organizations advocating Muslim-Christian understanding and cooperation
    20. Books referring to Muslim-Christian relations
      1. 'Dirasāt fī al-Firāq' (Studies on Sects)
      2. 'Toppling the Theory of Clash of Civilizations and Re-introducing Islam to the Western Mind' (ʿIsqāṭ Naẓarīya Sirāʿ al-Ḥaḍārā wa aI-ʿĀda Taqdīm al-Islām li al-ʿAql al-Gharbī
      3. Al-Milal wa al-Nihal (Religions and creeds)
      4. Dirasat fi al- farq' (Studies in the Differences)
      5. Dr. Nawal al-Saʿdawi, God Resigns During the Summit
      6. Hirsi Ali, Ayyan, Infidel
      7. Imārah, M. The sedition of takfir between Shiah, Wahhabism & Sufism
      8. Khālid, Khālid Muḥammad, Maʿan ʿalā al-tarīq: Muḥammad wa-l-masīḥ (Together on the Road: Muḥammad and Christ)
      9. Lauth, Reinhard, Abraham and his Descendants with God
      10. ʿAbd al-Hamīd, Ra'fat, Egyptian thinking in the Christian era
      11. ʿAbd al-Hamīd, Ra'fat, History of Christian thinking in Egypt
      12. ʿAbd al-Hamīd, Raf'at, Al-fikr al-Misrī fī al-Asr al-Masīh
      13. ʿAbd al-Samī, Amr; Al-Aqbāt wa-al Raqm al-Sab
      14. Yūsuf al-Atyar, Husnī, Sirr Maryam: Bayn al-Injīl wa-al-Qur'ān
      15. al-Atyar, H. Y., Beliefs of the unitarians between Islam and Christianity
      16. al-Bannā, Jamāl, My Coptic Bretheren
      17. Salim al-Awwa, M. Al-Nizām al-Siyāsī lil-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah
      18. al-Bishrī, Tāriq, Muslims and Copts in the frame of the patriotic group
      19. al-Fāis, Robier, Ukht Yahūdha
      20. al-Fāris, Robier, Samā min Turāb
      21. Mustafā al-Fiqī, Copts in Egyptian politics
      22. al-Hindī, Rahmat Allāh, Izhār al-Haqq
      23. Al-Injīl wa-al-Salīb/ The Bible and the Cross (Abd al-Ahad Da'ūd al-Ashūrī al-Irāqī) (2004)
      24. al-Khālidī, Tarīf, Al-Masih al-Muslim
      25. al-Saqqā, Ahmad Hijāzī, Naqd al-Tawrāh,
      26. al-Tabarī, Alī Bin Rabban, al-Rad alá Asnāf al-Nasārah
      27. Bibāwī, N. L., Problems of Copts in Egypt and their solution
      28. Christian poets in the Arabian Peninsula
      29. Dalrymple, William, From the Holy Mountain, A journey in the shadow of Byzantium
      30. Dā'ūd, Abd al-Ahad, Muhammad in the Holy Book
      31. Fu'ād, M. The way of pain, sectarian strife from a Coptic point of view
      32. Goddard, Hugh, Muslim perceptions of Christianity
      33. Hanna, Mīlād, Acceptance of the other
      34. ʿImārah, M. Scientific notes on the book of Christ in Islam
      35. Dr. Muhammad 'Imarah, The Sedition of Takfir
      36. Jād Allāh, Talat, Qadayā sha'kah wa-ru'á mustaqbalīyah
      37. Labīb, H, Religious protection crisis: Religion & the State in Egypt
      38. Murjān, Muhammad Majdī, Al-Masīh: Insān am Ilāh?
      39. Murjān, Muhammad Majdī, Hal Allāh Wāhid am Thalūth?
      40. Pflanders, K.G, Mīzān al-Haqq
      41. Sādiq, Maurice, Copts and Rulers
      42. Rushdī, S. Life Journey, Egypt's treasures between Nāsir & Sādāt
      43. Anselm, Turmeda, Tuhfa al-Arīb fī al-Radd alá Ahl al-Salīb
      44. Van Nispen, Christian, Christians and Muslims are Brothers before God
      45. Yūsuf, Abū Sayf, Copts and Arab nationalism
      46. Zaborowski, J.R, The Coptic martyrdom of Johan of Phanijot
      47. Emigrant Copts, a field of study and worries of a nation and citizenship
      48. Al-Katībah al-Tibīyah (The Theban Legion)
  6. Dialogue
  7. Education in the Arab/Islamic World
  8. Media
    1. Efforts to combat the misuse of religion for political agendas through media outlets
    2. Music and Art
    3. Western and Egyptian efforts to promote interreligious peace and tolerance
    4. Western groups highlighting discrimination against Arab Christians
    5. Film and television series
    6. Satellite channels
    7. Radio
    8. Internet
    9. Press Law/ Code of ethics
    10. Freedom of the Press
    11. Media Criticism
    12. Media History and Development
    13. Printed Media
  9. Judaism/ Discussions on Anti-Semitism
    1. Jewish communities in the Arab world and beyond
    2. Jewish-Muslims Relations
    3. Jewish-Arab Christian relations
    4. Discussions about Jewish-Muslim-Christian relations
    5. Anti-Semitism & discussions in the Arab media on anti-Semitism
    6. Jewish Messianism
    7. Messianic Jews/ Christian Jews
    8. Books related to Judaism, anti-Semitism and Christian Zionism
  10. Other religions or beliefs in the Arab/Islamic World
  11. Women, gender relations and children
    1. Discussions of LGBTQI Gender and Sexuality Issues in Society
    2. Laws regarding women traveling without asking their husband
    3. Representation of women in Coptic culture
    4. Violence Against Women
    5. Youth inclusion in Church mission
    6. Children
    7. Women in controversial public functions
    8. Female suffrage/Women in parliament
    9. Personal status laws, marriage and divorce
    10. Women issues reported in the Arab media
    11. Feminism
    12. Organizations concerned with women's rights
    13. Books about women's issues
  12. Refugees
  13. Developments in Christianity in the Arab/Islamic World
    1. 2017 - Terror attacks on Coptic Orthodox Churches in Egypt
    2. 2017 Papal Visit to Egypt
    3. 2017-Egyptian Christians fleeing Dā’ish in North Sinai
    4. 2018- Terror attacks on buses carrying Coptic pilgrims around Minya
    5. Christian Missionaries in Egypt
    6. Christian thinkers
    7. Christianity and Tourism
    8. Church Counceling Courses as condition for marriage in the Coptic Orthodox Church
    9. Coptic Catholic Church
    10. Coptic Language
    11. Coptic Orthodox Church in the world
    12. Coptic Orthodox pilgrims to Jerusalem
    13. Pope Tawāḍrūs’ ecumenical visits
    14. Pope Tuwāḍrūs II International State Visits
    15. The Arabic language as part of the Near East Christian culture
    16. Western missionaries
    17. The Bible and references to Christian theology
    18. Churches in the Arab/Islamic World
      1. Messianic Jews/ Christian Jews
      2. Development of Christian Theology Discourse
      3. Egyptian Council of Churches (ECC) ‎
      4. Ministering development in rural areas (Egypt)
      5. Seventh-day Adventist Church
      6. Coptic Orthodox Church/ Celebrations
        1. 50th anniversary of the Coptic Orthodox St. Mark Cathedral, Cairo (1968)
        2. anniversary of the Coptic Cultural Center-COCC
        3. Christian customs
        4. Coptic Orthodox Youth Bishopric Celebrates 20 Years Of Activities
        5. Links (site of Coptic Pope)
        6. Numbers about church growth
        7. Relations between the Coptic Egyptian and Ethiopian Churches
        8. Saints/Sainthood
        9. The Cathedral of the Nativity of Christ
        10. Christian feasts
        11. Christian celebrations
        12. Apparitions and miracles
        13. Calendar (Gregorian, Julian, Coptic)
        14. Patriarchs
        15. Coptic Orthodox General Bishops
        16. Coptic Orthodox Diocesan Bishops
          1. Bishop Maximus
          2. Bishop Tārdus (Port Saʿīd)
          3. Bishop Athanasius, Beni Suef (??-2000)
          4. Bishop Ammonius, Luxor
          5. Bishop Serapion
          6. Bishop Samuel, Qalyūbīyah (1937-2003)
          7. Metropolitan Bishouy, Damietta
          8. Metropolitan Mīnā
          9. Bishop Marqus (Shubrā al-Khaymah, Cairo)
          10. Bishop Demetrius (Mallāwī)
          11. Bishop Bisanti (Hilwān and al-Maṣ;arah)
          12. Coptic Orthodox bishops in disagreement with elements of church policy
          13. Bishop Wīsā of Balyānā (Sohag and Dār al-Salām)
          14. Bishop Bakhoum (Sohag)
          15. Bishop Tomas (Qūsīyah, Assuit)
          16. Bishop Bimoua (Monastery of al-Khaṭāṭbah /Mar Girgis)
          17. Bishop Sawiris (Muharraq monastery)
          18. Bishop Boula (Tantā)
          19. Metropolitan Mikha’īl (Assiut)
          20. Bishop Paphnotius (Samālūt)
          21. Bishop Maximos (Banhā)
          22. Bishop Serabamun (Cairo)
          23. Bishop Ghabriel (Beni Suef 2000-)
          24. Bishop Daniel (Maādī)
          25. Bishop Aghabious (Dayr Muwās)
          26. Bishop Aghathūn (Marāghah)
          27. Bishop Kyrillos (Naj Hammadī)
          28. Bishop Apollo (Tur Sinai)
          29. Bishop Aghathun (Brazil)
          30. Bishop Yūsuf (Bolivia)
          31. Bishop Biman (Muharraq monastery)
        17. Coptic Orthodox abbots
        18. Coptic Orthodox priests and monks
          1. In line with the church
          2. Defrocked priests and monks [ARABIC term]
          3. Priests restricted in function [ARABIC term]
          4. Priests temporary out of function [ARABIC term]
          5. Priests who are or have been critiqued by the church hierarchy
          6. Priestly dynasties
          7. Discussions about excommunications of clergymen or laymen
          8. Discussions about priesthood and rules
        19. Excommunicated laymen
        20. Monastic life
        21. Coptic Orthodox retreat centers
        22. Coptic Orthodox Churches
        23. Structure of the Coptic Orthodox Church
        24. Issues related to the Coptic Church Discussed in Arab Media
        25. Movements Drawing People away from Church/ Establishing New Churches
        26. Internet Links (Coptic Church)
        27. Relations with other churches
      7. Greek Orthodox Church
      8. Greek Orthodox old calendar Church
      9. Russian Orthodox Church
      10. Armenian Orthodox Church
      11. Syrian Orthodox Church
      12. Macedonian Orthodox Church
      13. Catholic Churches in the Arab World
      14. Episcopal or Anglican Church
      15. Protestant Churches
    19. Relations between Christian Denominations
    20. Relations between Christian denominations and other religions
    21. Discussions about the separation of the church and the state
    22. Discussions about statistics of Christians in the Arab World
    23. Christian Organizations
    24. Book reviews with Christian themes
      1. Philip Fikrī, The Diaries of a Copt...One Who Belongs to This Country
      2. The divine will behind the structure of the church
      3. Developments of Christian books
      4. Banning books (or other works) in the Coptic Orthodox Church
      5. Al-Fāris, R. Kanīsah didda al-Ālam
      6. Al-Assāl, Al-Sāfī, Laws of Kings
      7. Father Mattā al-Miskīn, The Coptic Orthodox prayer
      8. Suryāl Attīyah, A. Coptic Encyclopedia
      9. Bibāwī, N. L. Asharah Muskilāt lil Aqbāt fī Misr
      10. Bishop Bīshūy, Sharh al-Ī;mān al-Urthuthūksī
      11. Brakke, D. Demons and the Making of the Monk
      12. Cannyer, C. Coptic Egypt, the Christians of the Nile
      13. Capuani, M. Christian Egypt; Coptic Art and Monuments
      14. Gabra, G. Be Thou There
      15. Ḥassan, S. S. Christians versus Muslims in Modern Egypt,
      16. Hopkins, N.S, Upper Egypt, Life along the Nile
      17. Jamāl al-Dīn, A. History of Egypt...
      18. Joyner R. The Harvest
      19. Kamāl, K. Talāq al-Aqbāt
      20. McClellan, M. Monasticism in Egypt
      21. Meinardus, O. Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity
      22. Meinardus, O. Christian Egypt; Faith and Life
      23. Miftāh, R. The Coptic Orthodox Liturgy of St. Basil
      24. Perry, P. Jesus in Egypt
      25. Nakhlah Rafā'īl, Y. The History of the Coptic Nation
      26. Vivian, T. Words to live by: Journeys in Ancient and Modern Egyptian Monasticism
      27. Watson, J. Among the Copts
      28. Wiens, C. Y. Coptic Life in Egypt
      29. Yūsuf, M. The Role & Relations of the Coptic Church during the Coptic Era
      30. Zibāwī, M. The Copts
      31. Encyclopedia of the History of Christianity in the East
      32. The Dispensation of the Institution of the Church & the Discipline of...
      33. The Spiritual Authority in the Church & the Ecclesiastic Juridical Tradition...
      34. The Coptic Church: Its History, Traditions, Theology and Structure
    25. Christian Political Activism
  14. Relations between Christians in the West and in the Arab World
    1. Christian activists trying to mobilize western public opinion on the Arab world
    2. USA
    3. Western Arab Christians creating understanding between East and West
    4. Western Christian organizations working in Egypt
    5. Churches in the West built by Migrants from Arab countries
    6. Arab Christians in the West involved in discussions about the position of Christians in non-Christian countries
    7. Organizations and movements in the Arab world and the West
    8. Position of Christian Communities in the West
    9. Arab media reporting on Western Christianity
    10. Criticizing Western preachers (for Western political leaders see 3.2.1)
    11. Arab reporting about Catholic Church
    12. Arab reporting about Western Christian delegations visiting Egypt
    13. Churches united with the Coptic Orthodox Church
    14. Articles about Western authors who have written about the church in Egypt
    15. Controversial Western books discussed in Egypt/Arab world-related to Christianity
  15. Political and Social Context in the Arab/Islamic World
    1. Political situation following the Arab Spring era in the Middle East and North Africa (Protests /Elections /Wars)
    2. Prominent Egyptian political figures
    3. Slums/local areas
    4. The Arab Project vs. the Islamic Project
    5. The Arab Spring and Sykes Picot
    6. Egypt
      1. 2017-Terror attack on Sinai's St. Catherine Monastery
      2. Discussions of political causes and consequences of sectarian strife
      3. Efforts to combat terrorism
      4. Egypt- Ethiopian relations (Renaissance Dam Issue)
      5. Egyptian -Russian relations
      6. Egyptian -Turkish relations
      7. Egyptian Air Forces
      8. Egyptian-African Relations
      9. Egyptian-Asian Relations
      10. Egyptian-Iranian relations
      11. Egyptian-Lebanese Relations
      12. Influential Egyptian Christian Figures ‎
      13. Intra-Arab relations (Egypt relations with Arab countries)
      14. Mentioning Religion in the Identity card for Egyptian citizens/ calls for removing the religion slot
      15. National mourning day for the victims of churches' terror attack on Palm Sunday
      16. Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF)
      17. The right to conscientious objection of military service ‎
      18. Thesis on social attititudes towards human rights
      19. Nationalism, nationalist deeds of individuals
      20. The Egyptian government
      21. Parliament/People's Assembly (Majlis al-Shab)
      22. Senate (Shūrā Council)
      23. Political parties/movements
      24. Governorates
      25. Egyptian-American Relations
      26. Egyptian-European relations
      27. Egyptian-Israeli Relations
      28. Discussions about the role of Christians in Egyptian politics
      29. Discussions about the role of Christians in Pakistani politics
      30. Discussions about political reform
      31. Discussion about Pan-arabism
    7. Human rights in the Arab World
      1. Enforced disappearance
      2. Human rights organizations
      3. Discussions about human rights in general
      4. Discussions about the role of human rights organizations
      5. Human rights organizations based in Egypt
      6. Organizations working on women rights issues (see 11.17)
      7. International and Western Human rights organizations working in the Arab world
      8. Discussions about police violence, torture and procedures
      9. Discussions about applying the law in land conflicts/land appropriation
      10. Arab discussions about human rights in the West
      11. Conditions in prisons
      12. Main human rights issues mentioned in the press covered by AWR
    8. Civil society/ Advocacy of Democratization
    9. Social issues
      1. anti-FGM courses in state-owned medical schools-Egypt
      2. Bullying
      3. Coronavirus (COVID-19)
      4. Discrimination
      5. Discussion on religious misconception family planning
      6. Discussions about people with disabilities and disability rights
      7. Discussions about social class or economic inequality
      8. Discussions about tolerance in society
      9. Environmental Disasters
      10. Honour killings
      11. issues of population increase
      12. linking religion to football (world Cup 2018)
      13. marriage of minors
      14. Revenge killings [al-Thāʿr]
      15. Social and political research
      16. Suicide and Self-harm (unrelated to terrorist operations)
      17. Social problems
      18. Rumors and conspiracy theories
      19. Honor and shame
      20. Discussions about suspicions or conspiracy theories
      21. Loyalty to own group or family
      22. Hierarchy, authoritarianism
      23. Morality
      24. Religiousness in society
      25. Using religion for the collection of funds
      26. Fatalism
      27. Discussing superstitions
      28. Discussions about/claiming double facedness
      29. Discussions about violence, terrorism in society
      30. Discussion about emigration of young people
      31. Discussions about corruption in society
      32. Discussions about incest
      33. Traditional ways of healing
      34. Weapons-problems with people having weapons
      35. Discussions about sex education amongst the youth
      36. Discussions about using religious slogans as trade marks
      37. Using jokes as a way of expression
      38. Racism
    10. Centers for Social and Political Research
    11. Consequences for development/economy
    12. islamic economy
    13. Business people affecting social and economic development in the Arab world
    14. Communities in Egyptian society with distinct cultural identities
    15. UN organizations working in the Arab World
  16. Legal Institutions and Discussions about Laws
  17. Arab-Israeli Conflict
    1. general issues related to Israel discussed in the Arab world
    2. Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
    3. Lebanese-Israeli conflict
    4. Syrian-Israeli Conflict
  18. Archeology and Culture in Arab countries
  19. History
    1. Egyptian history
    2. Islamic History
    3. Egypt
    4. Algeria
    5. Bahrain
    6. Iraq
    7. Israel
    8. Jordan
    9. Kuwait
    10. Lebanon
    11. Libya
    12. Morocco
    13. Oman
    14. Palestine
    15. Qatar
    16. Saudi Arabia
    17. Sudan
    18. Syria
    19. Tunisia
    20. United Arab Emirates (UAE)
    21. Yemen
    22. Non-Arab countries
    23. Somalia
  20. Environmental issues